Present Simple Review
The Present Simple tense is used in a number of situations:
- permanent actions
- general actions
- actions that happen regularly
- statements that are always true
- static verbs
- Apples are red, yellow, or green.
- We take a German class twice a week.
- It is a beautiful day today
- The Rangers always lose.
- We do not work at night.
Subject + auxiliary verb (do) + main verb
Forming PS is easy if you follow these 5 rules:
1. For questions, exchange the positions of subject and auxiliary verb (do)
- Do I live here?
- I live here?
- Are you from Canada?
- You are from Canada?
2. For negative sentences, we add "not" to the auxiliary.
- I don't (do + not) like pizza
- She doesn't like riding horses
3. For positive sentences, we do not normally use the auxiliary (unless for emphasis).
- I live here.
- I do live here.
4. For the 3rd person singular (he, she, it), we add -s to the main verb or -es to the auxiliary.
- Does she live here?
- Do she live here?
- She lives here.
- She live here.
5. For the verb to be, we do not use an auxiliary.
- He is tall.
- Is he tall?
- Does he be tall?