Phrase vs. Clause

While reading articles on English grammar you are very likely to come across words such as a phrase and clause. Understanding the difference between them may not at first be all too easy for an ESL student—whether beginner or advanced.

Phrase

A group of two or more grammatically-linked words without a subject or predicate. The words in bold in each of the following examples make up a phrase:

  • I went to a shop and bought some meat.
  • They met in park during a hot sunny day.
  • Terrible mistakes were commited while this operation. 

Clause

A group of grammatically-linked words with a subject and predicate.

  • I wake up early every morning to go to work.
  • The thief stole most of the jewellry