We use comparative adjectives when comparing two nouns.
Colder, happier, funnier, easier, faster, and so on.
But how do we form comparative adjectives? Below are some guidelines to help you.
a) -er is added if the adjective is 1-syllable, for example:
- cold - colder
- small - smaller
b) -ier is added if the adjective is 2-syllable and ends in -y, for example:
- funny - funnier
- early - earlier
c) we use more if the adjective is 2-syllable and does not end in -y, for example:
- important - more important
- expensive - more expensive
more is also used with 3-or-more-syllable words, for example:
d) -r is added if the adjective ends in -e, for example:
- nice - nicer
- safe - safer
f) the last consonant is doubled if the adjective ends in a consonant or a vowel, for example:
- big - bigger
- fat - fatter
- hot - hotter