Adverbs


What is an Adverb?

An adverb is a part of speech that we use to modify a verb, an adjective or another adverb. It answers question such as "how", "where", "how much".

Function

As mentioned, adverbs can modify different parts of speech. In the below examples, each of the highlighted words is an adverb (words in italics are parts of speech being modified by the adverb).

1. modify a verb

  • He waited patiently.

2. modify an adjective

  • Marry is stunningly beautiful.

3. modify another adverb

  • They moved incredibly slowly.

They can also modify the whole sentence:

  • Naturally, this car is much more expensive.

Form

Most of adverbs are formed by adding the suffix -ly:

  • Mike eat slowly.
  • She walks gracefully.

However, there are exceptions. E.g. the adjectives hard or fast don't take any endings as adverbs.

  • He works hardly.
  • He works hard.

This particular adverb is rather tricky—the phrase "to hardly work" is almost the opposite of "to work hard". :-)

  • She walks very fastly.
  • She walks very fast. 

Position

Adverbs can have three different positions in a sentence.

Front

  • Now let's go to the park.

Middle

  • We sometimes go to the park.

End

  • We go to the park happily.